Moving on from school
Moving from school to the world beyond can be an exciting but daunting journey for all young people. It is essential that the foundations of this transition are laid throughout a young person’s learning journey; many learners will require extra support to manage the change. Where a young person requires significant support, transition planning must begin no later than 12 months before they leave school and it is good practice that transition support begins earlier as outlined in the 2017 Code of Practice.
The Scottish Government aims to ensure that all young people have a positive destination when they leave school, whatever this may be. A range of professionals should work with schools to support young people and their parents with this transition which could be to university, college, modern apprenticeships, world of work of volunteering or other activity. A general guide to this transition planning can be found in 'Planning for Learning Part 2: Further learning, training and employment beyond age 16' (2017 Code of Practice).
Some specific and relevant recommendations within 'Planning for Learning Part 2' are cited below.
Recommendation 33: Career advice and work experience for young disabled people who are still at school should be prioritised and tailored to help them realise their potential and focus positively on what they can do to achieve their career aspirations.
Recommendation 34: Funding levels to colleges and MA training providers should be reviewed and adjusted to reflect the cost of providing additional support to young disabled people, and age restrictions should be relaxed for those whose transition may take longer.
Recommendation 35: Within Modern Apprenticeships, Skills Development Scotland (SDS) should set a realistic but stretching improvement target to increase the number of young disabled people. Progress against this should be reported on annually.
Recommendation 36: Employers who want to employ a young disabled person should be encouraged and supported to do so.
It is essential that all transition planning is person centred and that the young person and their family are fully involved, including giving consent, in how assessment information is shared with all other agencies involved in the transition plan. There are many tools which may support this including the use of communication passports.
The My World Triangle has an interactive section designed to support children and young people with additional support needs including autism, so they can create a document which captures information about themselves which will help others to understand their experiences, strengths and support needs.
To access the site select here.
The Principles of Good Transitions 3
This document provides a framework to inform, structure and encourage the continual improvement of support for young people with additional needs between the ages of 14 and 25 who are making the transition to young adult life.
In addition to the introduction, the framework addresses the seven principles of good transitions.
- Planning and decision making should be carried out in a person-centred way
- Support should be co-ordinated across all services
- Planning should start early and continue up to age 25
- All young people should get the support they need
- Young people, parents and carers must have access to the information they need
- Families and carers need support
- A continued focus on transitions across Scotland.
To access the document select here.
Principles of Good transition Autism Supplement
A supplement to this document has been developed specifically for autistic individuals. To access it select 'here'.
Further and Higher education
Scottish Colleges and Universities have a duty under the UK wide Equality Act 2010 to make ‘reasonable adjustments’, to ensure that students with disabilities are not placed at a disadvantage in comparison to non-disabled students.
Students might also be able to apply for the Disabled Students’ Allowance (DSA), through the Student Award Agency Scotland (SAAS).
Developing the Young Workforce (DYW)
The strategy aims to create an enhanced curriculum offer for young people in schools, colleges and to increase opportunities for employment. It does this by bringing together schools, colleges, training providers and employers to promote the pathways young people need in order to participate in current and future work opportunities.
This includes creating new work based learning options; enabling young people to learn in a range of settings in their senior phase of school; embedding employer engagement in education; offering careers advice at an earlier point in school; and introducing new standards for career education and work placements.
The strategy continues to be supported by local authorities, who have a lead role in the implementation of DYW, enabling young people to have access to a wide range of work-related learning opportunities within their area. This is achieved through partnership working across schools, colleges, training providers, employers and relevant partners.
Select here to access further information on DYW from the Scottish Government.
Select here to access further information on DYW from Education Scotland.